Last weekend, a group of mental health professionals took part in a study as part of the art science collaboration Walking Here and There. It’s a joint effort between myself and artist Simon Pope, and like earlier stages of the project, it questions how we use art and science to construct meaning out of memory, location and psychosis.
The study looked at the influence of recall on walking behaviour, drawing on an existing paradigm in psychosis research.
But the experiment was also designed to give the participants an experience common to psychiatric inpatients: feeling disoriented, having their experience of the hospital affected by their memories of being outside, and being experimented on.
The experiment was designed, reviewed and ethically approved, with the scientific aim of looking at how walking is affected by recall via differences in hemispheric activation.
Participants were asked to walk a route around Ruskin Park, a tranquil green area near to the Maudsley Hospital which inpatients often visit on breaks from the ward. Later, while blindfolded and earplugged, participants were asked to recall aloud their stroll around the park while attempting to keep to a midline in a basement corridor of the hospital.
A similar approach has found that people with higher levels of schizotypy (subclinical psychosis-like experiences) and people given the dopamine boosting drug L-DOPA, are more likely to veer to the left on this task, reflecting increased right hemisphere activation.
Recall is known to preferentially activate the right hemisphere, so we might expect greater left veering during the task.
However, the study was located both to communicate some of the subjective experience of psychiatric inpatients to Maudsley staff, and also as a commentary on mental health care, as patients often find their time in the park more therapeutic than the disorienting environment of the hospital.
By doing this, we’re also attempting to question whether experiments can be meaningful beyond their data.
Occasionally, the sheer existence of a study has profound implications for society. Experiments such as Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment or Milgram’s conformity experiment were landmarks in reforming the ethics of participation owing to the subjective experience of the participants and their attempt to study the extremes of human behaviour.
With the increased ethical scrutiny into research, perhaps experiments are now only valued for their data, and participants only for their behaviour.
An earlier phase of the project, Gallery Space Recall, was a gallery exhibition without any objects. Visitors, largely artists and art curators, were asked to recall, while walking through the gallery, their experience of an earlier exhibition.
And while the walking experiment was designed to comment on mental health care, one of the main themes for Simon was that Gallery Space Recall critiqued the art world and its obsession with saleable objects and the prestige of gallery spaces.
But in terms of the experience, the gallery visitors were asked to value their subjective experience as a key component in the piece, rather than relying on any objective aspects of an artwork.
In the walking experiment, we attempted to do something similar, but rather than attempting to highlight the role of subjective experience in art, we focused on the subjective aspects of science.
We’re debating what to do with the experimental data, and we think we might bury it – to create an exhibition without objects and an experiment without data.
Link to Walking Here and There.
4 thoughts on “Walking the line”
My name is Craig J. Phillips. I am a traumatic brain injury survivor and a master‚Äôs level rehabilitation counselor. I sustained an open skull fracture with right frontal lobe damage and remained in a coma for 3 weeks at the age of 10 in August of 1967. I underwent brain and skull surgery after waking from the coma. Follow-up cognitive and psyche / social testing revealed that I would not be able to succeed beyond high school. In 1967 Neurological Rehabilitation was not available to me, so I had to teach myself how to walk, talk, read, write and speak in complete sentences. I completed high school on time and went on to obtain both my undergraduate and graduate degrees. For an in depth view of my process please read my post, http://secondchancetolive.wordpress.com/2007/02/18/my-journey-thus-far/
Through out my lifetime I developed strategies to overcome many obstacles and in so doing I have achieved far beyond all reasonable expectations. On February 6, 2007 at the encouragement of a friend I created Second Chance to Live. Second Chance to Live, which is located at http://secondchancetolive.wordpress.com presents topics in such a way to encourage, motivate and empower the reader to live life on life‚Äôs terms. I believe our circumstances are not meant to keep us down, but to build us up. As a traumatic brain injury survivor, I speak from my experience, strength and hope. As a professional, I provide information to encourage, motivate and empower both disabled and non-disabled individuals to not give up on their process. Please read my post, http://secondchancetolive.wordpress.com/2007/04/18/the-power-of-identification/
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Have a simply phenomenal day!
Craig J. Phillips MRC, BA
Second Chance to Live
Our circumstances are not meant to keep us down, but to build us up!
Doubly fantasic. I hope you’ll write it up too. “…an exhibition without objects and an experiment without data.” And an article without references? Or?
I can¬¥t remeber where or which author, i presumably read it in the volume “Brain and Space” edited by OUP, in which a study shows how the assymetrical discrepancies between the mesolimbic dopamine area present in the two hemispheres of schizophrenic patients can be reflected in the way those patients when walking turn to the right instead to turn to the left (measures by a rotameter).
In other words depending of which hemisphere is depleted of dopamine from which hemisphere is not, people tend to rotate (more preferentially) when walking toward the left or the right. It was a joy of pleasure for me to read this kind of study because in some way it allows to predict and even to model the tendencies of certain patterns of locomotion that everybody have, due to habituation or organization of our associated motor areas in our brains, which in psychotic patients are more characteristic.
I found this blog through a Google image search for Wellstar Behavioral Health. I thought the picture looked very much like a corridor of that mental hospital.