SciAm on happiness and moral decision-making

April’s issue of Scientific American has a couple of concise articles that are freely available online: one on the neuroscience of moral decisions, and the second on the science of lasting happiness.

In the first article, author Michael Shermer argues that moral decision-making is implemented in the brain in a similar way to most other forms of decision-making, and is likely a long-standing evolutionary trait.

The second article focusses on the work of psychologist Prof Sonja Lyubomirsky who has spent the best part of a decade studying lasting happiness.

The previous decade has seen an increased interest in ‘positive psychology‘ although many studies have focused on short-term happiness and satisfaction.

Lyubomirsky seems to be following a slightly different tack by looking at what influences long-term contentment.

Lyubomirsky, Sheldon and another psychologist, David A. Schkade of the University of California, San Diego, put the existing findings together into a simple pie chart showing what determines happiness. Half the pie is the genetic set point. The smallest slice is circumstances, which explain only about 10 percent of people’s differences in happiness. So what is the remaining 40 percent? “Because nobody had put it together before, that’s unexplained,” Lyubomirsky says. But she believes that when you take away genes and circumstances, what is left besides error must be “intentional activity,” mental and behavioral strategies to counteract adaptation’s downward pull.

Lyubomirsky has been studying these activities in hopes of finding out whether and how people can stay above their set point. In theory, that is possible in much the same way regular diet and exercise can keep athletes’ weight below their genetic set points.

Link to article ‘Free to Choose’.
Link to article ‘The Science of Lasting Happiness’.

2 Comments

  1. Posted March 28, 2007 at 8:49 pm | Permalink

    I always thought there scientific studies showed that humans are happiest when they are involved in something that entails working towards a goal, during which the highest state of happiness occurs when one finds “the zone,” if you will. This type of “high” is commonly found in athletes – (i.e. when Michael Jordan hit something like 7 or 8 three-pointers in a row during a Bulls game…) I believe there is a lot of this type of mind-body connection in Yoga and pranayama too. Sites like http://www.mindandbodyworkout.net tend to correlate the concept of happiness or total peace with exercise and breathing. Finding your flow, so to speak.

  2. HoverHell
    Posted April 4, 2007 at 3:20 pm | Permalink

    Just “by the way”:
    “I am more and more convinced that our happiness or unhappiness depends more on the way we meet the events of life than on the nature of those events themselves.”
    — Alexander Humboldt.


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