Avoiding ‘stereotype threat’ for better performance

books.jpgAn article in Scientific American describes ‘stereotype threat‘ – an effect where, if a person is challenged in an area they are concerned about, such as intellectual ability, the fear of confirming a negative stereotype can impair performance.

The findings have largely been uncovered by psychologist Claude Steele, who found that the way a test is framed can significantly affect performance.

He was particularly motivated by the fact that black students did much worse at college, despite having achieved equal grades at school, and wondered if some black students were suffering impaired performance because of worries about their own abilities.

Steele wondered if the [black] Michigan students suffered from a kind of self-image threat, so with colleagues Joshua Aronson and Steven Spencer, he designed a series of studies. They gave sophomores matched by SAT scores a frustrating section of the Graduate Record Examination. When first told that the test evaluated verbal ability, the black students scored a full standard deviation lower on average. But when the researchers described it as a study of problem-solving techniques unimportant to academic achievement, the scores for blacks leaped to the same level as those for whites.

Similar findings have been found for female students taking maths tests and even with white golfers taking tests of “natural athletic ability”.

Link to Performance without Anxiety from Scientific American.
Link to Claude Steele discussing stereotype threat.

3 Comments

  1. Posted May 20, 2005 at 9:17 am | Permalink

    links for 2005-05-20

    CeliacChicks for my mother in law (tags: glutenfree nowheat food) Mind Hacks: Avoiding ‘stereotype threat’ for better performance lots of mentions of this in Blink and elsewhere (tags: stereotypes culture testing education) TV Squad: Poop on Ryan Seac…

  2. Posted May 21, 2005 at 5:13 am | Permalink

    Out There: May 21, 2005

    Avoiding ‘Stereotype Threat’Worries about your own abilities can make you perform worse. DelivrMake your own virtual postcards from Flickr images.

  3. Posted May 21, 2005 at 6:13 am | Permalink

    Subverting the Stereotype Threat

    Science is confirming something that again should be common sense. Perceived threat can influance performance. It’s framed by race in this study but ccertainly applies to other areas. The priciple is the same, intimidation decreases performance across …


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